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The world is becoming increasingly interconnected and reliant on digital systems with each passing day. This transition also brings new challenges and dangers, commonly known as cyber intrusions or cyber crimes.

However, in response to the surge in cybercrime, cyber investigations are making significant breakthroughs, effectively countering the aggression of cyber criminals.

In this article, we’ll delve deep into the world of cybercrime and cybercrime investigation, including the methods and techniques used by a cybercrime investigator.

What is Cyber Investigation?

Cybercriminals are constantly finding new ways to exploit vulnerabilities in computer systems and networks, bringing significant damage to both individuals and organizations.

On the other hand, cyber investigators are diligently working to track and halt transnational cyber criminals responsible for computer-related crimes using the cyber investigation process.

Cyber investigation is a combination of computer science, law, and investigative techniques that cyber investigators use to detect cybercrimes, gather evidence, identify suspects, and bring cybercriminals to justice.

Whenever a cybercrime takes place, a cyber investigation follows. Cybercrime investigators may work as solo investigators or with a variety of organizations, including law enforcement agencies, private companies, and government agencies like the Internet Crime Complaint Center.

The main goal of a cyber investigation is to identify the source of cybercrime, gather related evidence, and present the gathered evidence in a way that can be used in a court of justice to prosecute the people responsible for it.

Common Types of Cyber Crimes

Phishing Attacks
  • Phishing is one of the most common types of cyberattacks found in cyberspace. It’s a form of social engineering attack that targets a user, tricking them by sending fake messages or emails to extract crucial information, like login credentials or banking information. Attackers may also trick users into downloading malicious software and gaining unauthorized access to their systems.
  • Ransomware is another common type of cybercrime. It’s a type of malware that, upon infecting a system, encrypts all the personal data on the system by encrypting them, preventing the user from accessing those files. The hacker then asks for a ransom to give access to the inaccessible data.
Online Frauds
  • Just as the name suggests, online fraud is a type of fraud that takes place on the internet. It’s a general term that generally refers to all kinds of fraudulent activities that take place over the internet like spam, online banking fraud, service theft, digital piracy, etc.
Identity Theft
  • Identity theft is a type of cybercrime where a cybercriminal steals and uses another person’s private information, like credit card numbers, personal pictures, phone numbers, social security numbers, etc., without the permission of the real owner to commit fraud or crime. Identity theft can be detrimental to someone’s daily life as it opens doors to financial losses, legal consequences, reputational damage, etc.
Online Harassment
  • Online harassment includes a wide range of harmful behaviors that are used to intimidate, degrade, or threaten individuals on various online platforms. Some prevalent examples include cyberbullying, doxxing, troll campaigns, online blackmail, etc.

Types of Cyber Criminals